OLM12.3 Hysteresis in high productivity shallow lakes
One of the earliest dynamical systems in which hysteresis (Ch12Divers, p.272) – the phenomenon that the values of an environmental variable at which forward and backward regime shift occurs differ – was described was an artificial lake in the Netherlands (Scheffer et al. 2001). This is still the prototype study regarding such transitions. Relying on two review articles (Kéfi et al. 2016) the mechanisms of this interesting – and not nearly exceptional, see also OLM 12.4 – phenomenon will be discussed briefly.